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translate

[trans-leyt, tranz-, trans-leyt, tranz-] /trænsˈleɪt, trænz-, ˈtræns leɪt, ˈtrænz-/
verb (used with object), translated, translating.
1.
to turn from one language into another or from a foreign language into one's own:
to translate Spanish.
2.
to change the form, condition, nature, etc., of; transform; convert:
to translate wishes into deeds.
3.
to explain in terms that can be more easily understood; interpret.
4.
to bear, carry, or move from one place, position, etc., to another; transfer.
5.
Mechanics. to cause (a body) to move without rotation or angular displacement; subject to translation.
6.
Computers. to convert (a program, data, code, etc.) from one form to another:
to translate a FORTRAN program into assembly language.
7.
Telegraphy. to retransmit or forward (a message), as by a relay.
8.
Ecclesiastical.
  1. to move (a bishop) from one see to another.
  2. to move (a see) from one place to another.
  3. to move (relics) from one place to another.
9.
to convey or remove to heaven without natural death.
10.
Mathematics. to perform a translation on (a set, function, etc.).
11.
to express the value of (a currency) in a foreign currency by applying the exchange rate.
12.
to exalt in spiritual or emotional ecstasy; enrapture.
verb (used without object), translated, translating.
13.
to provide or make a translation; act as translator.
14.
to admit of translation:
The Greek expression does not translate easily into English.
Origin
1250-1300
1250-1300; Middle English translaten < Latin trānslātus (past participle of trānsferre to transfer), equivalent to trāns- trans- + -lātus (suppletive past participle of ferre to bear1), earlier *tlātus, equivalent to *tlā- bear (akin to thole2) + -tus past participle suffix
Related forms
translatable, adjective
translatability, translatableness, noun
half-translated, adjective
intertranslatable, adjective
pretranslate, verb (used with object), pretranslated, pretranslating.
retranslate, verb (used with object), retranslated, retranslating.
untranslatability, noun
untranslatable, adjective
untranslated, adjective
well-translated, adjective
Can be confused
translate, transliterate.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for translating
  • He went on writing poems, literary and art critiques and also translating.
  • Within minutes, bacterial ribosomes start translating viral mrna into protein.
British Dictionary definitions for translating

translate

/trænsˈleɪt; trænz-/
verb
1.
to express or be capable of being expressed in another language or dialect he translated Shakespeare into Afrikaans, his books translate well
2.
(intransitive) to act as translator
3.
(transitive) to express or explain in simple or less technical language
4.
(transitive) to interpret or infer the significance of (gestures, symbols, etc)
5.
(transitive) to transform or convert to translate hope into reality
6.
(transitive; usually passive) (biochem) to transform the molecular structure of (messenger RNA) into a polypeptide chain by means of the information stored in the genetic code See also transcribe (sense 7)
7.
to move or carry from one place or position to another
8.
(transitive)
  1. to transfer (a cleric) from one ecclesiastical office to another
  2. to transfer (a see) from one place to another
9.
(transitive) (RC Church) to transfer (the body or the relics of a saint) from one resting place to another
10.
(transitive) (theol) to transfer (a person) from one place or plane of existence to another, as from earth to heaven
11.
(maths, physics) to move (a figure or body) laterally, without rotation, dilation, or angular displacement
12.
(intransitive) (of an aircraft, missile, etc) to fly or move from one position to another
13.
(transitive) (archaic) to bring to a state of spiritual or emotional ecstasy
Derived Forms
translatable, adjective
translatability, noun
Word Origin
C13: from Latin translātus transferred, carried over, from transferre to transfer
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for translating
translate
c.1300, "to remove from one place to another," also "to turn from one language to another," from L. translatus "carried over," serving as pp. of transferre "to bring over, carry over" (see transfer), from trans- + latus "borne, carried," from *tlatos, from PIE base *tel-, *tol- "to bear, carry" (see extol). A similar notion is behind the O.E. word it replaced, awendan, from wendan "to turn, direct" (see wend). Translation "work turned from one language to another" is attested from c.1340.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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translating in Medicine

translate trans·late (trāns-lāt', trānz-, trāns'lāt', trānz'-)
v. trans·lat·ed, trans·lat·ing, trans·lates

  1. To render in another language.

  2. To put into simpler terms; explain or interpret.

  3. To subject mRNA to translation.


trans·lat'a·bil'i·ty or trans·lat'a·ble·ness n.
trans·lat'a·ble adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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