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parish

[par-ish] /ˈpær ɪʃ/
noun
1.
an ecclesiastical district having its own church and member of the clergy.
2.
a local church with its field of activity.
3.
(in Louisiana) a county.
4.
the people of an ecclesiastical or civil parish.
5.
Curling. house (def 20).
Idioms
6.
on the parish, British.
  1. receiving charity from local authorities.
  2. Informal. meagerly or inadequately supplied.
Origin
1250-1300
1250-1300; Middle English, variant of parosshe < Middle French paroisse < Late Latin parochia, alteration of paroecia < Late Greek paroikía, derivative of Greek pároikos neighbor, (in Christian usage) sojourner (see paroicous); see -ia
Related forms
interparish, adjective
transparish, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for transparish

parish

/ˈpærɪʃ/
noun
1.
a subdivision of a diocese, having its own church and a clergyman related adjective parochial
2.
the churchgoers of such a subdivision
3.
(in England and, formerly, Wales) the smallest unit of local government in rural areas
4.
(in Louisiana) a unit of local government corresponding to a county in other states of the US
5.
the people living in a parish
6.
(history) on the parish, receiving parochial relief
Word Origin
C13: from Old French paroisse, from Church Latin parochia, from Late Greek paroikia, from paroikos Christian, sojourner, from Greek: neighbour, from para-1 (beside) + oikos house
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for transparish
parish
late 13c., from Anglo-Fr. paroche, parosse (late 11c.), from O.Fr. paroisse, from L.L. parochia "a diocese," alteration of Late Gk. paroikia "a diocese or parish," from paroikos "a sojourner" (in Christian writers), in classical Gk. "neighbor," from para- "near" + oikos "house" (see villa). Sense development unclear, perhaps from "sojourner" as epithet of early Christians as spiritual sojourners in the material world. In early Church writing the word was used in a more general sense than Gk. diokesis, though by 13c. they were synonymous. Replaced O.E. preostscyr, lit. "priest-shire."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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