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city, seat (1851) of Grand Traverse county, northwestern Lower Peninsula of Michigan, U.S. It is located at the southern end of Grand Traverse Bay (West Arm), an embayment of Lake Michigan. Settled in 1847 and named for the bay, it developed from a timber town into one of the nation's chief cherry-processing markets and the hub of a vast year-round resort area. Light manufacturing (auto parts, tools, metal products) augments its economy. A lighthouse at the tip of the 16-mile- (26-km-) long Old Mission Peninsula, which juts northward into Grand Traverse Bay from the city, is almost exactly at latitude 45 N-i.e., midway between the Equator and the North Pole. Summer events include the National Cherry Festival (July) and the Northwestern Michigan Fair. Northwestern Michigan College (1951) is located in the city. The Interlochen Arts Camp for summer students and the Interlochen Arts Academy are at Interlochen, about 15 miles (25 km) southwest. Inc. village, 1881; city, 1895. Pop. (2000) 14,532; (2005 est.) 14,513.