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travertine

[trav-er-teen, -tin] /ˈtræv ərˌtin, -tɪn/
noun
1.
a form of limestone deposited by springs, especially hot springs, used in Italy for building.
Also, travertin
[trav-er-tin] /ˈtræv ər tɪn/ (Show IPA)
.
Origin
1545-1555
1545-55; < Italian travertino, equivalent to tra- across (< Latin trāns- trans-) + (ti)vertino < Latin Tīburtīnus, equivalent to Tīburt- (stem of Tīburs) the territory of Tibur (see Tivoli) + -īnus -ine1
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for travertin

travertine

/ˈtrævətɪn/
noun
1.
a porous rock consisting of calcium carbonate, used for building Also called calc-sinter
Word Origin
C18: from Italian travertino (influenced by tra-trans-), from Latin lapisTīburtīnus Tiburtine stone, from Tīburs the district around Tibur (now Tivoli)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for travertin

travertine

n.

1797, from Italian travertino "a kind of building stone," from Latin tiburtinus, from Tiburs, adjective from Tibur (modern Tivoli), region in Latium.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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travertin in Science
travertine
  (trāv'ər-tēn', -tĭn)   
A white, tan, or cream-colored form of limestone, often having a fibrous or concentric appearance. Travertine is formed through the rapid precipitation of calcium carbonate, especially at the mouth of a hot spring or in limestone caves, where it forms stalactites and stalagmites. It is similar to, but harder than, tufa.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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