travertine

[trav-er-teen, -tin]
noun
a form of limestone deposited by springs, especially hot springs, used in Italy for building.
Also, travertin [trav-er-tin] .


Origin:
1545–55; < Italian travertino, equivalent to tra- across (< Latin trāns- trans-) + (ti)vertino < Latin Tīburtīnus, equivalent to Tīburt- (stem of Tīburs) the territory of Tibur (see Tivoli) + -īnus -ine1

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Collins
World English Dictionary
travertine or travertin (ˈtrævətɪn)
 
n
Also called: calc-sinter a porous rock consisting of calcium carbonate, used for building
 
[C18: from Italian travertino (influenced by tra-trans-), from Latin lapisTīburtīnus Tiburtine stone, from Tīburs the district around Tibur (now Tivoli)]
 
travertin or travertin
 
n
 
[C18: from Italian travertino (influenced by tra-trans-), from Latin lapisTīburtīnus Tiburtine stone, from Tīburs the district around Tibur (now Tivoli)]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
travertine   (trāv'ər-tēn', -tĭn)  Pronunciation Key 
A white, tan, or cream-colored form of limestone, often having a fibrous or concentric appearance. Travertine is formed through the rapid precipitation of calcium carbonate, especially at the mouth of a hot spring or in limestone caves, where it forms stalactites and stalagmites. It is similar to, but harder than, tufa.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
About a third of this floor is an outdoor terrace, paved with travertine.
Condos are individually decorated, featuring such upscale decor as tiled
  verandas and travertine foyers.
Room amenities include granite kitchen countertops, travertine floors and
  luxury bedding.
Travertine is typically white, tan and/or cream in color.
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