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trellis

[trel-is] /ˈtrɛl ɪs/
noun
1.
a frame or structure of latticework; lattice.
2.
a framework of this kind used as a support for growing vines or plants.
3.
a summerhouse, gazebo, arch, etc., made chiefly or completely of latticework.
4.
Heraldry. a charge of bendlets overlying bendlets sinister, the whole being cloué at the crossings.
verb (used with object)
5.
to furnish with a trellis.
6.
to enclose in a trellis.
7.
to train or support on a trellis.
8.
to form into or like a trellis.
Origin
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English trelis < Middle French (noun) < Late Latin trilīcius (for Latin trilīx) woven with three threads, equivalent to Latin tri- tri- + līci(um) thread + -us adj. suffix
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for trellisses

trellis

/ˈtrɛlɪs/
noun
1.
a structure or pattern of latticework, esp one used to support climbing plants
2.
an arch made of latticework
verb (transitive)
3.
to interweave (strips of wood, etc) to make a trellis
4.
to provide or support with a trellis
Derived Forms
trellis-like, adjective
Word Origin
C14: from Old French treliz fabric of open texture, from Late Latin trilīcius woven with three threads, from Latin tri- + līcium thread
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for trellisses

trellis

n.

c.1400, "lattice, grating," from Old French trelis, originally "sackcloth," from Vulgar Latin *trilicius, from Latin trilicis, genitive of trilix "having three threads, triple-twilled," from tri- three + licium "thread." Cognate with Greek trimitos. Sense extended in Old French to things "woven" of iron, etc., which brought on influence of Old French treille "vine trellis," perhaps from Latin trichila "bower, arbor," which is apparently from Latin triclinium "couch extending round three sides of a table" (for reclining on at meals). Meaning "lattice used to support growing vines" is from 1510s.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for trellisses

trellis

framework on which trees and climbing plants are trained. It is usually constructed of long, narrow wood or metal slats that are crisscrossed to produce square or diamond-shaped spaces.

Learn more about trellis with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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