trench fever

noun Pathology.
a recurrent fever, often suffered by soldiers in trenches in World War I, caused by a rickettsia transmitted by the body louse.

Origin:
1910–15

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Collins
World English Dictionary
trench fever
 
n
an acute infectious disease characterized by fever and muscular aches and pains, caused by the microorganism Rickettsia quintana and transmitted by the bite of a body louse

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

trench fever n.
An acute infectious disease characterized by chills and fever, caused by the microorganism Rickettsia quintana, and transmitted by the louse Pediculus humanus.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

trench fever

infectious disease characterized by sudden onset with fever; headache; sore muscles, bones, and joints; and outbreaks of skin lesions on the chest and back. It is transmitted from one person to another by a body louse harbouring the causative organism, the rickettsial bacterium Rochalimaea (formerly Rickettsia) quintana. There may be one period of fever, or the fever may recur several times at intervals of four to five days. Most persons recover within about two months; there may be relapses, however, and the disease becomes chronic in about 5 percent of the cases. Treatment with chlortetracycline brings permanent relief of the symptoms, but the patient continues to carry rickettsiae and remains infectious for lice. First recognized in 1915, trench fever was a major medical problem during World War I. It reappeared in epidemic form among German troops on the Eastern front during World War II. The control of body lice is the chief means of prevention

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
In rare cases, body lice may carry uncommon diseases, such as relapsing or trench fever.
Epidemics of typhus, trench fever, and louse-borne relapsing fever have been caused by body lice.
The three diseases transmitted by body lice are epidemic typhus, trench fever, and epidemic relapsing fever.
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