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triage

[tree-ahzh] /triˈɑʒ/
noun
1.
the process of sorting victims, as of a battle or disaster, to determine medical priority in order to increase the number of survivors.
2.
the determination of priorities for action in an emergency.
adjective
3.
of, pertaining to, or performing the task of triage:
a triage officer.
verb (used with object), triaged, triaging.
4.
to act on or in by triage:
to triage a crisis.
Origin
1925-1930
1925-30; < French: sorting, equivalent to tri(er) to sort (see try) + -age -age
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for triaging

triage

/ˈtriːˌɑːʒ; ˌtriːˈɑːʒ; ˈtraɪ-/
noun
1.
(in a hospital) the principle or practice of sorting emergency patients into categories of priority for treatment
2.
the principle or practice of sorting casualties in battle or disaster into categories of priority for treatment
3.
the principle or practice of allocating limited resources, as of food or foreign aid, on a basis of expediency rather than according to moral principles or the needs of the recipients
Word Origin
C18 (in the sense: sorting (goods) according to quality): from French; see try, -age
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for triaging
triage
1727, "action of assorting according to quality," from Fr. triage "a picking out, sorting," from O.Fr. trier "to pick, cull" (see try). There seems to be some influence from or convergence with L. tria "three" (e.g. triage for "coffee beans of the third or lowest quality"). In World War I, adopted for the sorting of wounded soldiers into three groups according to the severity of their injuries.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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triaging in Medicine

triage tri·age (trē-äzh', trē'äzh')
n.
A process for sorting injured people into groups based on their need for or likely benefit from immediate medical treatment. Triage is used on the battlefield, at disaster sites, and in hospital emergency rooms when limited medical resources must be allocated.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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