trial court

noun
the court in which a controversy is first adjudicated (distinguished from appellate division ).

Origin:
1885–90

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World English Dictionary
trial court
 
n
law the first court before which the facts of a case are decided

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Example sentences
But a federal trial court disagreed, to the surprise of many legal observers who closely follow these things.
The trial court sentenced defendant to life imprisonment without the possibility of parole.
In addition, the circuit court hears cases appealed from another trial court or from an administrative agency.
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