tribunal

[trahy-byoon-l, tri-]
noun
1.
a court of justice.
2.
a place or seat of judgment.
3.
Also called tribune. a raised platform for the seats of magistrates, as in an ancient Roman basilica.

Origin:
1520–30; < Latin tribūnal, tribūnāle judgment seat, equivalent to tribūn(us) tribune1 + -āl(e) -al2

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World English Dictionary
tribunal (traɪˈbjuːnəl, trɪ-)
 
n
1.  a court of justice or any place where justice is administered
2.  (in Britain) a special court, convened by the government to inquire into a specific matter
3.  a raised platform containing the seat of a judge or magistrate, originally that in a Roman basilica
 
[C16: from Latin tribūnustribune1]

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

tribunal
1447, from O.Fr. tribunal (13c.), from L. tribunal "platform for the seat of magistrates, elevation, embankment," from tribunus "official in ancient Rome, magistrate," lit. "head of a tribe," from 'tribus (see tribe). Hence, a court of justice or judicial assembly (1590).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Twelve thousand people were summarily tried in military tribunals.
It is estimated that ten thousand civilians have been put through military
  tribunals over the past six months.
Before these tribunals, therefore, they brought the question.
Special tribunals have been condemned as grossly unfair by human rights
  organizations.
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