trichloromethyl chloroformate

trichloromethyl chloroformate

[trahy-klawr-oh-meth-uhl klawr-uh-fawr-mit, -meyt; trahy-klohr-oh-meth-uhl klohr-uh-fawr-mit, -meyt]
noun Chemistry.

Origin:
tri- + chloro-2 + methyl

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
Cite This Source Link To trichloromethyl chloroformate
Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

trichloromethyl chloroformate

in chemical warfare, poison gas widely used by Germany during World War I. Its chemical name is trichloromethyl chloroformate, and it is a colourless, moderately persistent, poisonous, organic compound, the odour of which is likened to that of newly mown hay. It is easily condensable to a liquid. In gaseous form, it is a respiratory irritant that is often lethal. It irritates and inflames the inner part of the bronchial tubes and lungs and causes steady coughing, difficulty in breathing, and, frequently, acute pulmonary edema. It was first used in December 1915.

Learn more about trichloromethyl chloroformate with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
Cite This Source
Copyright © 2014 Dictionary.com, LLC. All rights reserved.
  • Please Login or Sign Up to use the Recent Searches feature