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triphylite

[trif-uh-lahyt] /ˈtrɪf əˌlaɪt/
noun
1.
a mineral, a rare phosphate of lithium, iron, and manganese, usually occurring in masses of a bluish or greenish color.
Also called triphyline
[trif-uh-leen, -lin] /ˈtrɪf əˌlin, -lɪn/ (Show IPA)
.
Origin
1830-1840
1830-40; tri- + Greek phȳl() tribe, phyle + -ite1; replacing triphyline < German Triphylin
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for triphyline

triphylite

/ˈtrɪfɪˌlaɪt/
noun
1.
a bluish-grey rare mineral that consists of lithium iron phosphate in orthorhombic crystalline form and occurs in pegmatites. Formula: LiFePO4
Word Origin
C19: from tri- + phyl-, from Greek phulon family + -ite1, referring to its three bases
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Encyclopedia Article for triphyline

triphylite

common phosphate mineral, lithium iron phosphate (LiFePO4), usually forming bluish or grayish, glassy masses in lithium- and phosphate-rich granite pegmatites. It forms a solid-solution series with the similar, but more brightly coloured (brown, yellow, or salmon), lithiophilite in which manganese replaces iron in the molecular structure; that is, a complete chemical variation exists in nature between the pure iron-bearing compound and the pure manganese-bearing compound. Triphylite and lithiophilite are readily weathered. When wetted, as by atmospheric moisture, the lithium ions are leached from the structure, and the iron and then manganese are oxidized to compensate for the valence (combining power) change. When subjected to hydrothermal solutions, triphylite and lithiophilite are altered to siderite, rhodochrosite, and hydrated normal phosphate minerals. For detailed physical properties, see phosphate mineral (table)

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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