Triumviral

triumvir

[trahy-uhm-ver]
noun, plural triumvirs, triumviri [trahy-uhm-vuh-rahy] .
1.
Roman History. one of three officers or magistrates mutually exercising the same public function.
2.
one of three persons associated in any office or position of authority.

Origin:
1570–80; < Latin: literally, one man of three, back formation from trium virōrum of three men

triumviral, adjective
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World English Dictionary
triumvir (traɪˈʌmvə)
 
n , pl -virs, -viri
(esp in ancient Rome) a member of a triumvirate
 
[C16: from Latin: one of three administrators, from triumvirōrum of three men, from trēs three + vir man]
 
tri'umviral
 
adj

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

triumvir
"one of three men in the same office or of the same authority," 1579, from L. triumvir, from Old L. phrase trium virum, genitive plural of tres viri "three men," from tres "three" + viri, plural of vir "man" (see virile). Triumvirate is from 1584.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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