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troglodyte

[trog-luh-dahyt] /ˈtrɒg ləˌdaɪt/
noun
1.
a prehistoric cave dweller.
2.
a person of degraded, primitive, or brutal character.
3.
a person living in seclusion.
4.
a person unacquainted with affairs of the world.
5.
an animal living underground.
Origin
1545-1555
1545-55; < Latin trōglodyta < Greek trōglodýtēs one who creeps into holes, cave dweller, equivalent to trōglo- (combining form of trṓglē a gnawed hole; cf. trogon) + (ein) to creep into + -tēs agent suffix
Related forms
troglodytic
[trog-luh-dit-ik] /ˌtrɒg ləˈdɪt ɪk/ (Show IPA),
troglodytical, adjective
troglodytism
[trog-luh-dahy-tiz-uh m] /ˈtrɒg lə daɪˌtɪz əm/ (Show IPA),
noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for troglodytism

troglodyte

/ˈtrɒɡləˌdaɪt/
noun
1.
a cave dweller, esp one of the prehistoric peoples thought to have lived in caves
2.
(informal) a person who lives alone and appears eccentric
Derived Forms
troglodytic (ˌtrɒɡləˈdɪtɪk), troglodytical, adjective
Word Origin
C16: via Latin from Greek trōglodutēs one who enters caves, from trōglē hole + duein to enter
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for troglodytism

troglodyte

n.

"cave-dweller," 1550s, from Latin troglodytae (plural), from Greek troglodytes "cave-dweller," literally "one who creeps into holes," from trogle "hole" (from trogein "to gnaw;" see trout) + dyein "go in, dive in."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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