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troop

[troop] /trup/
noun
1.
an assemblage of persons or things; company; band.
2.
a great number or multitude:
A whole troop of children swarmed through the museum.
3.
Military. an armored cavalry or cavalry unit consisting of two or more platoons and a headquarters group.
4.
troops, a body of soldiers, police, etc.:
Mounted troops quelled the riot.
5.
a single soldier, police officer, etc.:
Three troops were killed today by a roadside bomb.
6.
a unit of Boy Scouts or Girl Scouts usually having a maximum of 32 members under the guidance of an adult leader.
7.
a herd, flock, or swarm.
8.
Archaic. a band or troupe of actors.
verb (used without object)
9.
to gather in a company; flock together.
10.
to come, go, or pass in great numbers; throng.
11.
to walk, as if in a march; go:
to troop down to breakfast.
12.
to walk, march, or pass in rank or order:
The students trooped into the auditorium.
13.
to associate or consort (usually followed by with).
verb (used with object)
14.
British Military. to carry (the flag or colors) in a ceremonial way before troops.
15.
Obsolete. to assemble or form into a troop or troops.
Origin
1535-1545
1535-45; < French troupe, Old French trope, probably back formation from tropel herd, flock (French troupeau), equivalent to trop- (< Germanic; see thorp) + -elLatin -ellus diminutive suffix
Related forms
intertroop, adjective
Can be confused
troop, troupe (see synonym study at the current entry)
Synonyms
1. body, group, crowd. See company. 2. crowd, herd, flock, swarm, throng. 8. Troop, troupe both mean a band, company, or group. Troop has various meanings as indicated in the definitions above. With the spelling troupe the word has the specialized meaning of a company of actors, singers, acrobats, or other performers. 9. collect. 10. swarm.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for troops
  • In order to witness the triumphant return of our troops.
  • The advantages of producing your own fuel on-site when troops are stationed on foreign territory has obvious advantages.
  • And the queen ant sent her troops out to bring this large pile of manure back to the colony for provisioning.
  • The troops were in open-top trenches and they hunkered in the bottom of them.
  • Two troops encounter each other at midday at some sort of natural boundary--a river, for example.
  • troops and police found that their radio frequencies were jammed and their telephones did not work.
  • troops from across the country were shipped to battlefields around the world.
  • Several farms have been taken over by troops and civilian supporters of the government.
  • Safe havens near the borders could protect citizens but they would soon need defending against regime troops.
  • Networked computers could take data from battlefield sensors, identify targets and cut down the number of troops in harm's way.
British Dictionary definitions for troops

troop

/truːp/
noun
1.
a large group or assembly; flock: a troop of children
2.
a subdivision of a cavalry squadron or artillery battery of about platoon size
3.
(pl) armed forces; soldiers
4.
a large group of Scouts comprising several patrols
5.
an archaic spelling of troupe
verb
6.
(intransitive) to gather, move, or march in or as if in a crowd
7.
(transitive) (military, mainly Brit) to parade (the colour or flag) ceremonially: trooping the colour
8.
(transitive) (Brit, military, slang) (formerly) to report (a serviceman) for a breach of discipline
9.
(intransitive) an archaic word for consort (sense 1)
Word Origin
C16: from French troupe, from troupeau flock, of Germanic origin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for troops

troop

n.

1540s, "body of soldiers," from Middle French troupe, from Old French trope "band of people, company, troop" (13c.), probably from Frankish *throp "assembly, gathering of people" (cf. Old English ðorp, Old Norse thorp "village," see thorp). OED derives the French word from Latin troppus "flock," which is of unknown origin but may be from the Germanic source.

v.

1560s, "to assemble," from troop (n.). Meaning "to march" is recorded from 1590s; that of "to go in great numbers, to flock" is from c.1600. Related: Trooped; trooping.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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9
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