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trophy

[troh-fee] /ˈtroʊ fi/
noun, plural trophies.
1.
anything taken in war, hunting, competition, etc., especially when preserved as a memento; spoil, prize, or award.
2.
anything serving as a token or evidence of victory, valor, skill, etc.
3.
a carving, painting, or other representation of objects associated with or symbolic of victory or achievement.
4.
any memento or memorial.
5.
a memorial erected by certain ancient peoples, especially the Greeks and Romans, in commemoration of a victory in war and consisting of arms or other spoils taken from the enemy and hung upon a tree, pillar, or the like.
Origin
1505-1515
1505-15; earlier trophe < French trophée < Latin trop(h)aeum < Greek trópaion, noun use of neuter of trópaios, Attic variant of tropaîos of turning or putting to flight, equivalent to trop() a turning (akin to trépein to turn) + -aios adj. suffix. See trope
Related forms
trophyless, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for trophyless

trophy

/ˈtrəʊfɪ/
noun (pl) -phies
1.
an object such as a silver or gold cup that is symbolic of victory in a contest, esp a sporting contest; prize
2.
a memento of success, esp one taken in war or hunting
3.
(in ancient Greece and Rome)
  1. a memorial to a victory, usually consisting of captured arms raised on the battlefield or in a public place
  2. a representation of such a memorial
4.
an ornamental carving that represents a group of weapons, etc
5.
(modifier) (informal) highly desirable and regarded as a symbol of wealth or success: a trophy wife
Word Origin
C16: from French trophée, from Latin tropaeum, from Greek tropaion, from tropē a turning, defeat of the enemy; related to Greek trepein to turn
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for trophyless

trophy

n.

1510s, "a spoil or prize of war," from Middle French trophée (15c.) from Latin trophaeum "a sign of victory, monument," originally tropaeum, from Greek tropaion "monument of an enemy's defeat," noun use of neuter of adjective tropaios "of defeat," from trope "a rout," originally "a turning" (of the enemy); see trope. Figurative extension to any token or memorial of victory is first recorded 1560s. Trophy wife attested by 1984.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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