tropic of Capricorn

tropic of Capricorn

noun
See under tropic ( def 1a ).

Origin:
1545–55

Dictionary.com Unabridged

Capricorn

[kap-ri-kawrn]
noun
1.
Astronomy. the Goat, a zodiacal constellation between Sagittarius and Aquarius.
2.
Astrology.
a.
the tenth sign of the zodiac: the cardinal earth sign. See illus. under zodiac.
b.
a person born under this sign, usually between December 22nd and January 19th.
3.
See under tropic ( def 1a ).
Also, Capricornus (for defs 1, 2).


Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English Capricorne < Latin Capricornus (translation of Greek aigókerōs goat-horned), equivalent to capri- capri- + corn(u) horn + -us adj. suffix

tropic

[trop-ik]
noun
1.
Geography.
a.
either of two corresponding parallels of latitude on the terrestrial globe, one (tropic of Cancer) about 23½° N, and the other (tropic of Capricorn) about 23½° S of the equator, being the boundaries of the Torrid Zone. See diag. under zone.
b.
the tropics, the regions lying between and near these parallels of latitude; the Torrid Zone and neighboring regions.
2.
Astronomy. either of two circles on the celestial sphere, one lying in the same plane as the tropic of Cancer, the other in the same plane as the tropic of capricorn.
adjective
3.
of, pertaining to, characteristic of, or occurring in the tropics; tropical: romance under the tropic skies of Old Mexico.

Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English < Latin tropicus < Greek tropikós pertaining to a turn, equivalent to tróp(os) turn + -ikos -ic

nontropic, adjective
untropic, adjective
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World English Dictionary
Capricorn (ˈkæprɪˌkɔːn, ˌkæprɪˈkɔːnɪən)
 
n
1.  astrology
 a.  the Goat, Also called: Capricornus the tenth sign of the zodiac, symbol ♑, having a cardinal earth classification and ruled by the planet Saturn. The sun is in this sign between about Dec 22 and Jan 19
 b.  a person born during the period when the sun is in this sign
2.  astronomy another name for Capricornus
3.  tropic of Capricorn See tropic
 
adj
4.  astrology born under or characteristic of Capricorn
 
[C14: from Latin Capricornus (translating Greek aigokerōs goat-horned), from caper goat + cornū horn]

tropic (ˈtrɒpɪk)
 
n
1.  (sometimes capital) either of the parallel lines of latitude at about 23½°N (tropic of Cancer) and 23½°S (tropic of Capricorn) of the equator
2.  (often capital) the tropics that part of the earth's surface between the tropics of Cancer and Capricorn; the Torrid Zone
3.  astronomy either of the two parallel circles on the celestial sphere having the same latitudes and names as the corresponding lines on the earth
 
adj
4.  a less common word for tropical
 
[C14: from Late Latin tropicus belonging to a turn, from Greek tropikos, from tropos a turn; from the ancient belief that the sun turned back at the solstices]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

Capricorn
"zodiac sign," c.1391, from L. Capricornus, lit. "horned like a goat," from caper (gen. capri) "goat" + cornu "horn;" a loan-transl. of Gk. Aigokheros, the name of the constellation. Extended 1894 to persons born under the sign.

tropic
c.1391, "either of the two circles in the celestial sphere which describe the northernmost and southernmost points of the ecliptic," from L.L. tropicus "of or pertaining to the solstice" (as a noun, "one of the tropics"), from L. tropicus "pertaining to a turn," from Gk. tropikos "of or pertaining to
a turn or change, or to the solstice" (as a noun, "the solstice"), from trope "a turning" (see trope). The notion is of the point at which the sun "turns back" after reaching its northernmost or southernmost point in the sky. Extended 1527 to the corresponding latitudes on the earth's surface (23 degrees 28 minutes north and south); meaning "region between these parallels" is from 1837. Tropical "hot and lush like the climate of the tropics" is first attested 1834.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
Capricorn (kāp'rĭ-kôrn') or Capricornus   (kāp'rĭ-kôrn')  Pronunciation Key 
A constellation in the Southern Hemisphere near Aquarius and Sagittarius. capricorn (the Goat) is the tenth sign of the zodiac.
tropic   (trŏp'ĭk)  Pronunciation Key 
  1. Either of the two parallels of latitude representing the points farthest north and south at which the Sun can shine directly overhead. The northern tropic is the Tropic of Cancer and the southern one is the Tropic of Capricorn.

  2. tropics. The region of the Earth lying between these latitudes. The tropics are generally the warmest and most humid region of the Earth. Also called Torrid Zone.


Tropic of Capricorn  
The parallel of latitude approximately 23°27' south. It forms the boundary between the Torrid and South Temperate zones.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

Tropic of Capricorn definition


Imaginary line that circles the Earth about one-quarter of the way from the equator to the South Pole. The sun is directly overhead at the December solstice.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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