"playing card of a suit ranking above others," 1520s, alteration of triumph, name of a card game.
"trumpet," c.1300, from Old French trompe "long, tube-like musical wind instrument" (12c.), cognate with Provençal tromba, Italian tromba, all probably from a Germanic source (cf. Old High German trumpa and Old Norse trumba "trumpet"), of imitative origin.
"surpass, beat," 1580s, from trump (n.). Related: Trumped; trumping.