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truncated

[truhng-key-tid] /ˈtrʌŋ keɪ tɪd/
adjective
1.
shortened by or as if by having a part cut off; cut short:
an unnecessarily truncated essay.
2.
(of a geometric figure or solid) having the apex, vertex, or end cut off by a plane:
a truncated cone or pyramid.
3.
Crystallography. (of a crystal) having corners, angles, or edges cut off or replaced by a single plane.
4.
Biology, truncate (def 4).
5.
Prosody. (of a line of verse) lacking at the beginning or end one or more unstressed syllables needed to fill out the metrical pattern.
Origin of truncated
1480-1490
1480-90; truncate + -ed2
Related forms
subtruncated, adjective

truncate

[truhng-keyt] /ˈtrʌŋ keɪt/
verb (used with object), truncated, truncating.
1.
to shorten by cutting off a part; cut short:
Truncate detailed explanations.
2.
Mathematics, Computers. to shorten (a number) by dropping a digit or digits:
The numbers 1.4142 and 1.4987 can both be truncated to 1.4.
adjective
3.
4.
Biology.
  1. square or broad at the end, as if cut off transversely.
  2. lacking the apex, as certain spiral shells.
Origin
1480-90; < Latin truncātus (past participle of truncāre to lop), equivalent to trunc(us) trunk + -ātus -ate1
Related forms
truncately, adverb
subtruncate, adjective
Synonyms
1. abridge, trim, curtail, abbreviate.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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British Dictionary definitions for truncated

truncated

/trʌŋˈkeɪtɪd/
adjective
1.
(maths) (of a cone, pyramid, prism, etc) having an apex or end removed by a plane intersection that is usually nonparallel to the base
2.
(of a crystal) having edges or corners cut off
3.
shortened by or as if by cutting off; truncate

truncate

verb (trʌŋˈkeɪt; ˈtrʌŋkeɪt)
1.
(transitive) to shorten by cutting off a part, end, or top
adjective (ˈtrʌŋkeɪt)
2.
cut short; truncated
3.
(biology) having a blunt end, as though cut off at the tip: a truncate leaf
Derived Forms
truncately, adverb
truncation, noun
Word Origin
C15: from Latin truncāre to lop
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for truncated
adj.

late 15c., past participle adjective from truncate. Originally in heraldry; modern senses are post-1700.

truncate

v.

late 15c., from Latin truncatus "cut off," past participle of truncare "to maim, cut off," from truncus "mutilated, cut off" (see trunk). Related: Truncated; truncating.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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truncated in Medicine

truncate trun·cate (trŭng'kāt')
v. trun·cat·ed, trun·cat·ing, trun·cates
To shorten by or as if by cutting off, especially by cutting across at right angles to the long axis.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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12
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