truth

[trooth]
noun, plural truths [troothz, trooths] .
1.
the true or actual state of a matter: He tried to find out the truth.
2.
conformity with fact or reality; verity: the truth of a statement.
3.
a verified or indisputable fact, proposition, principle, or the like: mathematical truths.
4.
the state or character of being true.
5.
actuality or actual existence.
6.
an obvious or accepted fact; truism; platitude.
7.
honesty; integrity; truthfulness.
8.
(often initial capital letter) ideal or fundamental reality apart from and transcending perceived experience: the basic truths of life.
9.
agreement with a standard or original.
10.
accuracy, as of position or adjustment.
11.
Archaic. fidelity or constancy.
Idioms
12.
in truth, in reality; in fact; actually: In truth, moral decay hastened the decline of the Roman Empire.

Origin:
before 900; Middle English treuthe, Old English trēowth (cognate with Old Norse tryggth faith). See true, -th1

truthless, adjective
truthlessness, noun
mistruth, noun
nontruth, noun

truism, truth (see confusables note at truism).


1. fact. 2. veracity. 7. sincerity, candor, frankness. 10. precision, exactness.


1. falsehood. 2, 4, 7. falsity.


See truism.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
truth (truːθ)
 
n
1.  the quality of being true, genuine, actual, or factual: the truth of his statement was attested
2.  something that is true as opposed to false: you did not tell me the truth
3.  a proven or verified principle or statement; fact: the truths of astronomy
4.  (usually plural) a system of concepts purporting to represent some aspect of the world: the truths of ancient religions
5.  fidelity to a required standard or law
6.  faithful reproduction or portrayal: the truth of a portrait
7.  an obvious fact; truism; platitude
8.  honesty, reliability, or veracity: the truth of her nature
9.  accuracy, as in the setting, adjustment, or position of something, such as a mechanical instrument
10.  the state or quality of being faithful; allegiance
 
Related: veritable, veracious
 
[Old English triewth; related to Old High German gitriuwida fidelity, Old Norse tryggr true]
 
'truthless
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

truth
O.E. triewð (W.Saxon), treowð (Mercian) "faithfulness, quality of being true," from triewe, treowe "faithful" (see true). Meaning "accuracy, correctness" is from 1560s. Unlike lie (v.), there is no primary verb in English or most other IE languages
for "speak the truth." Noun sense of "something that is true" is first recorded mid-14c.
"Let [Truth] and Falsehood grapple; who ever knew Truth put to the worse, in a free and open encounter." [Milton, "Areopagitica," 1644]
Truth squad in U.S. political sense first attested 1952. Truthiness "act or quality of preferring concepts or facts one wishes to be true, rather than those known to be true," catch word popularized in this sense by U.S. comedian Stephen Colbert, declared by American Dialect Society to be "2005 Word of the Year."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Easton
Bible Dictionary

Truth definition


Used in various senses in Scripture. In Prov. 12:17, 19, it denotes that which is opposed to falsehood. In Isa. 59:14, 15, Jer. 7:28, it means fidelity or truthfulness. The doctrine of Christ is called "the truth of the gospel" (Gal. 2:5), "the truth" (2 Tim. 3:7; 4:4). Our Lord says of himself, "I am the way, and the truth" (John 14:6).

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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