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tsetse fly

[tset-see, tet-, tsee-tsee, tee-] /ˈtsɛt si, ˈtɛt-, ˈtsi tsi, ˈti-/
any of several bloodsucking African flies of the genus Glossina, that act as a vector of sleeping sickness and other trypanosome infections of humans and domestic animals.
Also, tzetze fly.
Also called tsetse, tzetze, glossina.
Origin of tsetse fly
1860-65; < Tswana tsètsè fly Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for tsetse-fly
Historical Examples
  • Among insects are locusts, scorpions, the tsetse-fly whose bite is so fatal to cattle, and white-ants.

  • Some surmise that a fly not unlike the tsetse-fly of Africa killed them out.

    The Meaning of Evolution Samuel Christian Schmucker
  • The nagana, or tsetse-fly disease of cattle is the most virulent disease of domestic animals in certain parts of Africa.

    Handbook of Medical Entomology William Albert Riley
  • The presence of a formidable enemy was reported on the banks of the Tamanak'le,--the tsetse-fly, whose bite is so fatal to oxen.

  • This disease is caused by a Protozoan parasite, a trypanosome, which is transmitted from one host to another by the tsetse-fly.

    Insects and Diseases Rennie W. Doane
  • The tsetse-fly in Africa is a far more important check on the increase of some animals than the lions and other beasts of prey.

    The Making of Species Douglas Dewar
  • In the course of his work he established beyond question that the "nagana" and the tsetse-fly disease were identical.

    Handbook of Medical Entomology William Albert Riley
British Dictionary definitions for tsetse-fly

tsetse fly

any of various bloodsucking African dipterous flies of the genus Glossina, which transmit the pathogens of various diseases: family Muscidae
Word Origin
C19: via Afrikaans from Tswana
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for tsetse-fly

tsetse fly


1849, probably via South African Dutch, from a Bantu language (cf. Setswana tsetse. Luyia tsiisi "flies").

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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tsetse-fly in Medicine

tsetse fly tset·se fly or tzet·ze fly (tsět'sē, tsē'tsē)
Any of several two-winged bloodsucking African flies of the genus Glossina, often carrying and transmitting pathogenic trypanosomes to humans and livestock.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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tsetse-fly in Science
tsetse fly
Any of several bloodsucking African flies of the genus Glossina, two species of which (G. palpalis and G. morsitans) often carry and transmit trypanosomes, the protozoans that cause sleeping sickness.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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