city, Fukui ken (prefecture), Honshu, Japan. It faces Tsuruga Bay of the Sea of Japan. A flourishing port since early historic times, it was one of the main centres of communication with the Asian mainland and a major shipment centre for the former national capitals of Nara and Kyoto. Tsuruga's industrial base was developed after World War II with factories producing synthetic fibres, chemicals, and cement. The city is also the site of four nuclear-power plants, each using a different type of reactor. Pop. (2005) 68,402.
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