city, Yamagata ken (prefecture), Honshu, Japan, in the Shonai Plain. Tsuruoka developed as a castle town during the Tokugawa period (1603-1867), and most of its buildings are of that period. Traditional industries produce candles, silk textiles, and sake (rice wine). After the Meiji period (1868-1912), large textile and agricultural machinery factories became established. The city is also a distribution centre for rice and timber produced in the surrounding region
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