tumbrils

tumbrel

[tuhm-bruhl]
noun
1.
one of the carts used during the French revolution to convey victims to the guillotine.
2.
a farmer's cart, especially one for hauling manure, that can be tilted to discharge its load.
3.
Obsolete. a two-wheeled covered cart accompanying artillery for carrying tools, ammunition, etc.
Also, tumbril.


Origin:
1275–1325; Middle English tumberell ducking stool < Medieval Latin tumberellus < Old French tumberel dump-cart, equivalent to tombe(r) to fall (see tumble) + -rel -rel

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World English Dictionary
tumbrel or tumbril (ˈtʌmbrəl)
 
n
1.  a farm cart for carrying dung, esp one that tilts backwards to deposit its load. A cart of this type was used to take condemned prisoners to the guillotine during the French Revolution
2.  (formerly) a covered cart that accompanied artillery in order to carry ammunition, tools, etc
3.  an obsolete word for a ducking stool
 
[C14 tumberell ducking stool, from Medieval Latin tumbrellum from Old French tumberel dump cart, from tomber to tumble, of Germanic origin]
 
tumbril or tumbril
 
n
 
[C14 tumberell ducking stool, from Medieval Latin tumbrellum from Old French tumberel dump cart, from tomber to tumble, of Germanic origin]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

tumbrel
c.1440, "two-wheeled cart," earlier an instrument of punishment of uncertain type (1223), from O.Fr. tumberel "dump cart," from tomber "(let) fall or tumble," possibly from a Gmc. source (cf. O.N. tumba "to tumble," O.H.G. tumon "to turn, reel;" see tumble). Notoriously used
to take victims to the guillotine during the Reign of Terror.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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