city and capital of Boyaca departamento, north-central Colombia. It lies in the high valley of the Teatinos, or Boyaca, River. Founded in 1539 by Captain Gonzalo Suarez Rendon, the settlement was originally called Hunza by the local Chibcha Indians. In 1819 it served as Simon Bolivar's operating base for his victory over the Spanish at the Battle of Boyaca, 5 miles (8 km) to the south
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