turkish-crescent

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crescent

[kres-uhnt]
noun
1.
a shape resembling a segment of a ring tapering to points at the ends.
2.
something, as a roll or cookie, having this shape.
3.
Astronomy.
a.
the figure of the moon in its first or last quarter, resembling a segment of a ring tapering to points at the ends. See diag. under moon.
b.
the similar figure of Mercury and Venus on either side of inferior conjunction, when seen through a telescope.
4.
the emblem of Turkey or of Islam.
5.
the power, religion, or civilization of Turkey or of Islam.
6.
Also called Chinese crescent, Chinese pavilion, jingling Johnny, pavillon Chinois, Turkish crescent. a musical percussion instrument of Turkish origin, consisting of a pole bearing a crescent-shaped metal plate, topped with a pavillon, and hung with small bells.
7.
Chiefly British.
a.
a curved street, often having solid façades of unified architectural design.
b.
the curve or curved portion of a street.
8.
Heraldry. a representation of a crescent moon, horns upward unless otherwise specified, used as the cadency mark of a second son.
adjective
9.
shaped like a crescent.
10.
increasing; growing.

Origin:
1350–1400; < Latin crēscent- (stem of crēscēns) present participle of crēscere to grow (see create, -esce); replacing Middle English cressaunt < Anglo-French < Latin as above

crescentic [kri-sen-tik] , adjective
subcrescentic, adjective
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
crescent (ˈkrɛsənt, -zənt)
 
n
1.  the biconcave shape of the moon in its first or last quarters
2.  any shape or object resembling this
3.  chiefly (Brit)
 a.  a crescent-shaped street, often lined with houses of the same style
 b.  (capital when part of a name): Pelham Crescent
4.  heraldry a crescent moon, used as the cadency mark of a second son
5.  (often capital) the crescent
 a.  the emblem of Islam or Turkey
 b.  Islamic or Turkish power
 
adj
6.  archaic, poetic or increasing or growing
 
[C14: from Latin crescēns increasing, from crescere to grow]
 
crescentic
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

crescent
late 14c., from Anglo-Fr. cressaunt, from O.Fr. creissant, from L. crescentum (nom. crescens), pp. of crescere "come forth, spring up, grow, thrive," from PIE base *ker- "to grow" (cf. L. Ceres, goddess of agriculture, creare "to bring forth, create, produce;" Gk. kouros "boy," kore "girl;" Arm. serem
"bring forth," serim "be born"). First applied to the waxing moon, luna crescens, but subsequently mistaken to mean the shape, not the stage. A badge or emblem of the Turkish sultans (probably chosen for its suggestion of "increase"); figurative sense of "Muslim political power" is from 1580s, but modern writers often falsely associate it with the Saracens of the Crusades or the Moors of Spain. Horns of the waxing moon are on the viewer's left side; those of the waning moon are on his right. Croissant is the modern Fr. form of the word. The original Latin sense is preserved in crescendo.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

crescent cres·cent (krěs'ənt)
n.
Something having concave and convex edges terminating in points. adj.
Crescent-shaped.


cres·cen'tic (krə-sěn'tĭk) adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
crescent   (krěs'ənt)  Pronunciation Key 
Partly but less than half illuminated. Used to describe the Moon or a planet. Compare gibbous.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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