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turmoil

[tur-moil] /ˈtɜr mɔɪl/
noun
1.
a state of great commotion, confusion, or disturbance; tumult; agitation; disquiet:
mental turmoil caused by difficult decisions.
2.
Obsolete. harassing labor.
Origin
1505-1515
1505-15; orig. as v.: to agitate; etymology uncertain; perhaps tur(n) + moil
Synonyms
1. turbulence, disorder, uproar. See agitation.
Antonyms
1. order, quiet.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for turmoil
  • The turmoil led to the emergence of several rival sects, each one vying for dominance.
  • Such enrollments typically dip in times of financial turmoil because such study can be seen as discretionary.
  • Cathy is amused by his awkwardness-more concerned about how he's feeling than she is about her own turmoil.
  • Religious faith is both a universal source of community and a universal source of turmoil.
  • Archival and new maps trace the battles, political turmoil, and great themes of the war.
  • They can expect to live a long, peaceful life, free from diseases and turmoil.
  • With the market in turmoil, the only safe bets may be at the box office.
  • The stage of adolescence that follows is often a period of increasing strength, but also of emotional turmoil.
  • Amid the turmoil and excitement, numerous political currents competed.
  • Few presidents have entered office with an economy in such turmoil.
British Dictionary definitions for turmoil

turmoil

/ˈtɜːmɔɪl/
noun
1.
violent or confused movement; agitation; tumult
verb
2.
(archaic) to make or become turbulent
Word Origin
C16: perhaps from turn + moil
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for turmoil
n.

1520s, perhaps an alteration of Middle French tremouille "mill hopper," in reference to the hopper's constant motion to and fro, from Latin trimodia "vessel containing three modii," from modius, a Roman dry measure, related to modus "measure." Attested earlier in English as a verb (1510s), though this now is obsolete.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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