turn pike


a high-speed highway, especially one maintained by tolls.
(formerly) a barrier set across such a highway to stop passage until a toll has been paid; tollgate.

1375–1425; late Middle English turnepike road barrier (in def. 1, short for turnpike road). See turn, pike2

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World English Dictionary
turnpike (ˈtɜːnˌpaɪk)
1.  (between the mid-16th and late 19th centuries)
 a.  gates or some other barrier set across a road to prevent passage until a toll had been paid
 b.  a road on which a turnpike was operated
2.  an obsolete word for turnstile
3.  (US) a motorway for use of which a toll is charged
[C15: from turn + pike²]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

c.1420, "spiked road barrier used for defense," from turn + pike (2) "shaft." Sense transf. to "horizontal cross of timber, turning on a vertical pin" (1547), which were used to bar horses from foot roads. This led to the sense of "barrier to stop
passage until a toll is paid" (1678). Meaning "road with a toll gate" is from 1748, shortening of turnpike road (1745).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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