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turnpike

[turn-pahyk] /ˈtɜrnˌpaɪk/
noun
1.
a high-speed highway, especially one maintained by tolls.
2.
(formerly) a barrier set across such a highway to stop passage until a toll has been paid; tollgate.
Origin
late Middle English
1375-1425
1375-1425; late Middle English turnepike road barrier (in def. 1, short for turnpike road). See turn, pike2
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for turn pike

turnpike

/ˈtɜːnˌpaɪk/
noun
1.
(between the mid-16th and late 19th centuries)
  1. gates or some other barrier set across a road to prevent passage until a toll had been paid
  2. a road on which a turnpike was operated
2.
an obsolete word for turnstile (sense 1)
3.
(US) a motorway for use of which a toll is charged
Word Origin
C15: from turn + pike²
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for turn pike

turnpike

n.

early 15c., "spiked road barrier used for defense," from turn + pike (n.2) "shaft." Sense transferred to "horizontal cross of timber, turning on a vertical pin" (1540s), which were used to bar horses from foot roads. This led to the sense of "barrier to stop passage until a toll is paid" (1670s). Meaning "road with a toll gate" is from 1748, shortening of turnpike road (1745).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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