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turnsole

[turn-sohl] /ˈtɜrnˌsoʊl/
noun
1.
any of several plants regarded as turning with the movement of the sun.
2.
heliotrope (def 2).
3.
a European plant, Chrozophora tinctoria, of the spurge family, yielding a purple dye.
4.
the purple dye prepared from this plant; litmus.
Origin
1325-1375
1325-75; Middle English turnesole < Middle French tournesol the dye < Italian tornasole the plant, literally, (it) turns (toward the) sun, on the model of Greek hēliotrópion heliotrope
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for turn sole

turnsole

/ˈtɜːnˌsəʊl/
noun
1.
any of various plants having flowers that are said to turn towards the sun
2.
a euphorbiaceous plant, Croton tinctoria, of the Mediterranean region that yields a purple dye
3.
the dye extracted from this plant
Word Origin
C14: from Old French tournesole, from Old Italian tornasole, from tornare to turn + sole sun, from Latin sōl sun
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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