turnover

[turn-oh-ver]
noun
1.
an act or result of turning over; upset.
2.
change or movement of people, as tenants or customers, in, out, or through a place: The restaurant did a lively business and had a rapid turnover.
3.
the aggregate of worker replacements in a given period in a given business or industry.
4.
the ratio of the labor turnover to the average number of employees in a given period.
5.
the total amount of business done in a given time.
6.
the rate at which items are sold, especially with reference to the depletion of stock and replacement of inventory: Things are slow now, but they expect an increased turnover next month.
7.
the number of times that capital is invested and reinvested in a line of merchandise during a specified period of time.
8.
the turning over of the capital or stock of goods involved in a particular transaction or course of business.
9.
the rate of processing or the amount of material that has undergone a particular process in a given period of time, as in manufacturing.
10.
a change from one position, opinion, etc., to another, often to one that is opposed to that previously held.
11.
a reorganization of a political organization, business, etc., especially one involving a change or shift of personnel.
12.
a baked or deep-fried pastry with a sweet or savory filling in which half the dough is turned over the filling and the edges sealed to form a semicircle or triangle.
13.
Basketball, Football. the loss of possession of the ball to the opponents, through misplays or infractions of the rules.
adjective
14.
that is or may be turned over.
15.
having a part that turns over, as a collar.

Origin:
1605–15; noun use of verb phrase turn over

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
Cite This Source Link To turnover
Etymonline
Word Origin & History

turnover
1660, "action of turning over," from turn + over; meaning "kind of pastry tart" is attested from 1798. Meaning "number of employees leaving a place and being replaced" is recorded from 1955.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
Cite This Source
Example sentences
Low turnover in a mutual fund's portfolio can mean lower taxes for investors,
  especially under the new tax law.
The high turnover rate of chief academic officers is a disturbing but
  little-known fact in higher education today.
It was likely aided by a relatively slow turnover of plant types.
But the deeper layers of skin, called the dermis, do not go through this
  cellular turnover and so do not replace themselves.
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