1275-1325;late Middle English, alteration of Middle Englishter(e)bentyn(e) < Medieval Latinter(e)bentīna, for Latinterebinthīna, noun use of feminine of terebinthīnus of the turpentine tree, equivalent to terebinth(us) turpentine tree (< Greekterébinthos) + -īnus-ine1
Fixed oils are non-volatile and soluble in ether, oil, or turpentine.
turpentine oil is a substance distilled from material that comes from pine trees.
Several of the largest turpentine brokers in the city are said to have formed a combination.
He worked as a charcoal burner at a nearby turpentine factory.
turpentine is then stored in atmospheric tanks without chilling or refrigeration.
turpentine is used in whole form as a solvent for paints and varnishes or as a cleaning agent.
turpentine and water are distilled overhead and condensed with shell-and-tube condensers.
British Dictionary definitions for turpentine
Also called gum turpentine. any of various viscous oleoresins obtained from various coniferous trees, esp from the longleaf pine, and used as the main source of commercial turpentine
a brownish-yellow sticky viscous oleoresin that exudes from the terebinth tree
Also called oil of turpentine, spirits of turpentine. a colourless flammable volatile liquid with a pungent odour, distilled from turpentine oleoresin. It is an essential oil containing a mixture of terpenes and is used as a solvent for paints and in medicine as a rubefacient and expectorant Sometimes (esp Brit) shortened to turps
(not in technical usage) Also called turpentine substitute, white spirit. any one of a number of thinners for paints and varnishes, consisting of fractions of petroleum related adjective terebinthine
to treat or saturate with turpentine
to extract crude turpentine from (trees)
C14 terebentyne, from Medieval Latin terbentīna, from Latin terebinthīna turpentine, from terebinthus the turpentine tree, terebinth
1322, terbentyn, from O.Fr. terebinte, from L. terebintha resina "resin of the terebinth tree," from Gk. rhetine terebinthe, from fem. of terebinthos, earlier terminthos "terebinth tree," probably from a non-I.E. language. By 16c. applied generally to resins from fir trees.