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Tuscan

[tuhs-kuh n] /ˈtʌs kən/
adjective
1.
of, relating to, or characteristic of Tuscany, its people, or their dialect.
2.
Architecture. noting or pertaining to one of the five classical orders: developed in Rome, it is basically a simplified Roman Doric, with unfluted columns and with no decoration other than moldings.
Compare composite (def 3), Corinthian (def 2), Doric (def 3), Ionic (def 1).
noun
3.
the standard literary form of the Italian language.
4.
any Italian dialect of Tuscany.
5.
a native of Tuscany.
Origin
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English < Latin Tuscānus Etruscan, equivalent to Tusc(ī) the Etruscans + -ānus -an
Related forms
non-Tuscan, adjective, noun
Can be confused
Texan, Tucson, Tuscan.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for Tuscan

Tuscan

/ˈtʌskən/
adjective
1.
of or relating to Tuscany, its inhabitants, or their dialect of Italian
2.
of, denoting, or relating to one of the five classical orders of architecture: characterized by a column with an unfluted shaft and a capital and base with mouldings but no decoration See also Ionic, composite (sense 4), Doric, Corinthian
noun
3.
a native or inhabitant of Tuscany
4.
any of the dialects of Italian spoken in Tuscany, esp the dialect of Florence: the standard form of Italian
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for Tuscan

late 14c., from Italian Toscano, from Late Latin Tuscanus "belonging to the Tusci," a race of ancient Italy, from Tuscus, earlier *Truscus, shortened form of Etruscus (cf. Etruscan).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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