typhous

typhus

[tahy-fuhs]
noun Pathology.
an acute, infectious disease caused by several species of Rickettsia, transmitted by lice and fleas, and characterized by acute prostration, headache, and a peculiar eruption of reddish spots on the body.
Also called typhus fever.


Origin:
1635–45; < Neo-Latin < Greek tŷphos vapor

typhous, adjective
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World English Dictionary
typhus (ˈtaɪfəs)
 
n
Also called: typhus fever any one of a group of acute infectious rickettsial diseases characterized by high fever, skin rash, and severe headache
 
[C18: from New Latin tӯphus, from Greek tuphos fever; related to tuphein to smoke]
 
'typhous
 
adj

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

typhus
acute infectious fever, 1785, from Mod.L. (De Sauvages, 1759), from Gk. typhos "stupor caused by fever," lit. "smoke," from typhein "to smoke," related to typhos "blind," typhon "whirlwind," ult. origin unknown. The disease so called from the prostration that it causes.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

typhus ty·phus (tī'fəs)
n.
Any of several forms of infectious disease caused by Rickettsia, especially those transmitted by fleas, lice, or mites, and characterized generally by severe headache, sustained high fever, depression, delirium, and the eruption of red rashes on the skin. Also called camp fever, prison fever.


ty'phous (-fəs) adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
typhus   (tī'fəs)  Pronunciation Key 
Any of several forms of an infectious disease caused by bacteria of the genus Rickettsia transmitted by fleas, mites, or especially lice, and characterized by severe headache, high fever, and skin rash. Louse-born bacteria that cause typhus are especially virulent and can cause epidemics of the disease, which may be fatal in people with weakened immune systems.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
typhus [(teye-fuhs)]

A group of acute and contagious diseases, often fatal, marked by severe headaches and high fever. Typhus is transmitted to humans by fleas, lice, or mites that are infected with the microorganism that causes the disease.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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