follow Dictionary.com

Denotation vs. Connotation

tzar

[zahr, tsahr] /zɑr, tsɑr/
noun
1.
czar.

czar

or tsar, tzar

[zahr, tsahr] /zɑr, tsɑr/
noun
1.
an emperor or king.
2.
(often initial capital letter) the former emperor of Russia.
3.
an autocratic ruler or leader.
4.
any person exercising great authority or power in a particular field:
a czar of industry.
Origin of czar
1545-1555
1545-55; < Russian tsar', Old Russian tsĭsarĭ emperor, king (akin to OCS tsěsarĭ) < Gothic kaisar emperor (< Greek or L); Greek kaîsar < Latin Caesar caesar
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
Cite This Source
Examples from the Web for tzar
Historical Examples
  • Again, in the year 1552, the tzar prepared another expedition to check their ravages.

    The Empire of Russia John S. C. Abbott
  • It was the priest who assured the mountaineers that Stephen really was the tzar.

  • This scene stamps the impress of almost celestial greatness upon the soul of the tzar.

    The Empire of Russia John S. C. Abbott
  • He preserved his truth to thee before the tzar and the people.

    A Book of Golden Deeds Charlotte M. Yonge
  • In the year 1634, the tzar met with one of the greatest of afflictions in the loss of his father by death.

    The Empire of Russia John S. C. Abbott
  • The tzar and his Black Hundred fought for their power, for this alone.

    Our Revolution Leon Trotzky
  • His object was to regain those territories which the tzar had heretofore wrested from the Poles.

    The Empire of Russia John S. C. Abbott
  • It was a beautiful thing for the tzar thus to recognize this heroic deed.

    As Seen By Me Lilian Bell
  • The tzar and Maria were immediately betrothed, and in just eight days the ardent lover led his bride from the altar.

    The Empire of Russia John S. C. Abbott
  • And the old merchant told the tzar everything, just as I have told it to you.

    Old Peter's Russian Tales Arthur Ransome
British Dictionary definitions for tzar

tzar

/zɑː/
noun
1.
a less common spelling of tsar
Derived Forms
tzarism, noun

czar

/zɑː/
noun
1.
a variant spelling (esp US) of tsar
Derived Forms
czardom, noun
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Cite This Source
Word Origin and History for tzar

czar

n.

1550s, from Russian tsar, from Old Slavic tsesari, from Gothic kaisar, from Greek kaisar, from Latin Caesar. First adopted by Russian emperor Ivan IV, 1547.

The spelling with cz- is against the usage of all Slavonic languages; the word was so spelt by Herberstein, Rerum Moscovit. Commentarii, 1549, the chief early source of knowledge as to Russia in Western Europe, whence it passed into the Western Languages generally; in some of these it is now old-fashioned; the usual Ger. form is now zar; French adopted tsar during the 19th c. This also became frequent in English towards the end of that century, having been adopted by the Times newspaper as the most suitable English spelling. [OED]
The Germanic form of the word also is the source of Finnish keisari, Estonian keisar. The transferred sense of "person with dictatorial powers" is first recorded 1866, American English, initially in reference to President Andrew Johnson. The fem. czarina is 1717, from Italian czarina, from Ger. Zarin, fem. of Zar "czar." The Russian fem. form is tsaritsa. His son is tsarevitch, his daughter is tsarevna.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
Cite This Source
tzar in Culture
czar [(zahr, tsahr)]

The title of rulers or emperors of Russia from the sixteenth century until the Russian Revolution. The czars ruled as absolute monarchs (see absolute monarchy) until the early twentieth century, when a parliament was established in Russia. Czar can also be spelled tsar.

Note: The term czar is sometimes applied generally to a powerful leader or to a government administrator with wide-ranging powers.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
Cite This Source
Slang definitions & phrases for tzar

czar

noun

A person appointed or elected to have great authority over a certain sport or other area; the commissioner of a sport or government department: baseball czar/ czar of boxing/ drug czar

[1890s+; fr the title of the Russian emperors; used as the nickname of T B Reed (d. 1902), authoritarian Speaker of the House of Representatives]

The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
Cite This Source

Word of the Day

Difficulty index for tzar

Few English speakers likely know this word

Word Value for tzar

13
13
Scrabble Words With Friends

Nearby words for tzar