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town, Eastern Cape province, South Africa, near the Indian Ocean, northwest of Port Elizabeth. It was founded in 1804 by J.A. Uitenhage de Mist, a Dutch governmental official sent to the Cape Colony by the government of the Batavian Republic, and it contains a number of 19th-century buildings, including the Drostdy (1815), Town Hall (1882, extended in 1952), and Court House (1898). Uitenhage is an industrial town, with automobile-assembly plants, railway workshops, and textile and tire factories. It is also the centre of a substantial sheep- and goat-farming district. Pop. (2001) 71,668.