ultimata

ultimatum

[uhl-tuh-mey-tuhm, -mah-]
noun, plural ultimatums, ultimata [uhl-tuh-mey-tuh, -mah-] .
1.
a final, uncompromising demand or set of terms issued by a party to a dispute, the rejection of which may lead to a severance of relations or to the use of force.
2.
a final proposal or statement of conditions.

Origin:
1725–35; < Neo-Latin, noun use of neuter of Late Latin ultimātus. See ultimate

ultimate, ultimatum.
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World English Dictionary
ultimatum (ˌʌltɪˈmeɪtəm)
 
n , pl -tums, -ta
1.  a final communication by a party, esp a government, setting forth conditions on which it insists, as during negotiations on some topic
2.  any final or peremptory demand, offer, or proposal
 
[C18: from New Latin, neuter of ultimatusultimate]

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

ultimatum
1731, from Mod.L., from M.L. adj. ultimatum "last possible, final," from L. ultimatum, neut. of ultimatus (see ultimate). Hamilton and others use the L. plural ultimata. In slang c.1820s, ultimatum was used for "the buttocks."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
ultimatum [(ul-tuh-may-tuhm)]

A formal message delivered from one government to another threatening war if the receiving government fails to comply with conditions set forth in the message. For example, after the assassination of the Archduke Francis Ferdinand in 1914, the government of Austria sent an ultimatum to Serbia, which Austria held responsible for the assassination.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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