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ultramontane

[uhl-truh-mon-teyn, -mon-teyn] /ˌʌl trə mɒnˈteɪn, -ˈmɒn teɪn/
adjective
1.
beyond the mountains.
2.
of or relating to the area south of the Alps, especially Italy.
3.
Roman Catholic Church.
  1. of, relating to, or advocating ultramontanism.
  2. of, relating to, or supporting the belief that the pope is the spiritual head of the Church in all countries.
4.
(formerly) north of the Alps; tramontane.
noun
5.
a person who lives beyond the mountains.
6.
a person living south of the Alps.
7.
Roman Catholic Church. a person who supports ultramontanism.
8.
(formerly) a person living to the north of the Alps.
Origin
1585-1595
1585-95; < Medieval Latin ultrāmontānus, equivalent to Latin ultrā ultra- + montānus montane
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for ultra-montane

ultramontane

/ˌʌltrəmɒnˈteɪn/
adjective
1.
on the other side of the mountains, esp the Alps, from the speaker or writer Compare cismontane
2.
of or relating to a movement in the Roman Catholic Church which favours the centralized authority and influence of the pope as opposed to local independence Compare cisalpine (sense 2)
noun
3.
a resident or native from beyond the mountains, esp the Alps
4.
a member of the ultramontane party of the Roman Catholic Church
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for ultra-montane

ultramontane

adj.

1590s, from Middle French ultramontain "beyond the mountains" (especially the Alps), from Old French (early 14c.), from Latin ultra "beyond" (see ultra-) + stem of mons (see mount (n.)). Used especially of papal authority, though "connotation varies according to the position of the speaker or writer." [Weekley]

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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