ultramontane

ultramontane

[uhl-truh-mon-teyn, -mon-teyn]
adjective
1.
beyond the mountains.
2.
of or pertaining to the area south of the Alps, especially Italy.
3.
Roman Catholic Church.
a.
of, pertaining to, or advocating ultramontanism.
b.
of, pertaining to, or supporting the belief that the pope is the spiritual head of the Church in all countries.
4.
(formerly) north of the Alps; tramontane.
noun
5.
a person who lives beyond the mountains.
6.
a person living south of the Alps.
7.
Roman Catholic Church. a person who supports ultramontanism.
8.
(formerly) a person living to the north of the Alps.

Origin:
1585–95; < Medieval Latin ultrāmontānus, equivalent to Latin ultrā ultra- + montānus montane

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
ultramontane (ˌʌltrəmɒnˈteɪn)
 
adj
1.  Compare cismontane on the other side of the mountains, esp the Alps, from the speaker or writer
2.  Compare cisalpine of or relating to a movement in the Roman Catholic Church which favours the centralized authority and influence of the pope as opposed to local independence
 
n
3.  a resident or native from beyond the mountains, esp the Alps
4.  a member of the ultramontane party of the Roman Catholic Church

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

ultramontane
1592, from M.Fr. ultramontain "beyond the mountains" (especially the Alps), from O.Fr. (1323), from L. ultra "beyond" + stem of mons (see mountain). Used especially of papal authority, though "connotation varies according to the position of the speaker or writer." [Weekley]
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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