umpires

umpire

[uhm-pahyuhr]
noun
1.
a person selected to rule on the plays in a game.
2.
one selected to settle disputes about the application of settled rules or usages; a person agreed on by disputing parties to arbitrate their differences.
verb (used with object), umpired, umpiring.
3.
to act as umpire in (a game).
4.
to decide or settle (a controversy, dispute, or the like) as umpire; arbitrate.
verb (used without object), umpired, umpiring.
5.
to act as umpire.

Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English umpere, variant of noumpere (a noumpere taken as an oumpere; cf. adder, apron) < Old French nomper, nonper arbiter, i.e., one not equal. See non-, peer1

unumpired, adjective

empire, umpire.


1. referee, arbiter, arbitrator. 2. See judge.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
umpire (ˈʌmpaɪə)
 
n
1.  an official who rules on the playing of a game, as in cricket or baseball
2.  a person who rules on or judges disputes between contesting parties
 
vb
3.  to act as umpire in (a game, dispute, or controversy)
 
[C15: by mistaken division from a noumpere, from Old French nomper not one of a pair, from nom-, non- not + per equal, peer1]
 
'umpireship
 
n
 
'umpirage
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

umpire
c.1400, noumper, from O.Fr. nonper "odd number, not even," in reference to a third person to arbitrate between two, from non "not" + per "equal," from L. par. Initial -n- lost by c.1440 due to faulty separation of a noumpere, heard as an oumpere. Originally legal, the gaming sense first recorded 1714
(in wrestling). Short form ump is attested from 1915. The verb is first recorded 1609, from the noun.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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