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abrupt

[uh-bruhpt] /əˈbrʌpt/
adjective
1.
sudden or unexpected:
an abrupt departure.
2.
curt or brusque in speech, manner, etc.:
an abrupt reply.
3.
terminating or changing suddenly:
an abrupt turn in a road.
4.
having many sudden changes from one subject to another; lacking in continuity or smoothness:
an abrupt writing style.
5.
steep; precipitous:
an abrupt descent.
6.
Botany, truncate (def 4).
Origin
1575-1585
1575-85; < Latin abruptus broken off (past participle of abrumpere), equivalent to ab- ab- + -rup- break + -tus past participle suffix
Related forms
abruptly, adverb
abruptness, noun
unabruptly, adverb
Synonyms
1, 3. quick, sharp. See sudden. 2. short, hurried, hasty, blunt. 4. discontinuous, broken, uneven.
Antonyms
1, 3. gradual. 2. deliberate; patient, courteous.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for un abruptly

abrupt

/əˈbrʌpt/
adjective
1.
sudden; unexpected
2.
brusque or brief in speech, manner, etc; curt
3.
(of a style of writing or speaking) making sharp transitions from one subject to another; disconnected
4.
precipitous; steep
5.
(botany) shaped as though a part has been cut off; truncate
6.
(geology) (of strata) cropping out suddenly
Derived Forms
abruptly, adverb
abruptness, noun
Word Origin
C16: from Latin abruptus broken off, from ab-1 + rumpere to break
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for un abruptly

abrupt

adj.

1580s, from Latin abruptus "broken off, precipitous, disconnected," past participle of abrumpere "break off," from ab- "off" (see ab-) + rumpere "break" (see rupture (n.)). Related: Abruptly; abruptness.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Word Value for un

2
4
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