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addle

[ad-l] /ˈæd l/
verb (used with object), verb (used without object), addled, addling.
1.
to make or become confused.
2.
to make or become rotten, as eggs.
adjective
3.
mentally confused; muddled.
4.
rotten:
addle eggs.
Origin
1000
before 1000; Middle English adel rotten, Old English adela liquid, filth; cognate with Middle Low German adele liquid manure
Related forms
unaddled, adjective
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for un addled

addle1

/ˈædəl/
verb
1.
to make or become confused or muddled
2.
to make or become rotten
adjective
3.
(in combination) indicating a confused or muddled state: addle-brained, addle-pated
Word Origin
C18: (vb), back formation from addled, from c13 addle rotten, from Old English adela filth; related to dialect German Addel liquid manure

addle2

/ˈædəl/
verb
1.
(Northern English, dialect) to earn (money or one's living)
Word Origin
C13: addlen, from Old Norse öthlask to gain possession of property, from ōthal property
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for un addled

addle

v.

1712, from addle (n.) "urine, liquid filth," from Old English adela "mud, mire, liquid manure" (cognate with Old Swedish adel "urine," Middle Low German adel, Dutch aal "puddle").

Used in noun phrase addle egg (mid-13c.) "egg that does not hatch, rotten egg," literally "urine egg," a loan-translation of Latin ovum urinum, which is itself an erroneous loan-translation of Greek ourion oon "putrid egg," literally "wind egg," from ourios "of the wind" (confused by Roman writers with ourios "of urine," from ouron "urine"). Because of this usage, from c.1600 the noun in English was taken as an adjective meaning "putrid," and thence given a figurative extension to "empty, vain, idle," also "confused, muddled, unsound" (1706). The verb followed a like course. Related: Addled; addling.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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