|1.||a metallic material, such as steel, brass, or bronze, consisting of a mixture of two or more metals or of metallic elements with nonmetallic elements. Alloys often have physical properties markedly different from those of the pure metals|
|2.||something that impairs the quality or reduces the value of the thing to which it is added|
|3.||to add (one metal or element to another metal or element) to obtain a substance with a desired property|
|4.||to debase (a pure substance) by mixing with an inferior element|
|5.||to diminish or impair|
|[C16: from Old French aloi a mixture, from aloier to combine, from Latin alligāre, from ligāre to bind]|
alloy al·loy (āl'oi', ə-loi')
A homogeneous mixture or solid solution of two or more metals, the atoms of one replacing or occupying interstitial positions between the atoms of the other.
|alloy (āl'oi') Pronunciation Key
A metallic substance made by mixing and fusing two or more metals, or a metal and a nonmetal, to obtain desirable qualities such as hardness, lightness, and strength. Brass, bronze, and steel are all alloys.
A material made of two or more metals, or of a metal and another material. For example, brass is an alloy of copper and zinc; steel is an alloy of iron and carbon. Alloys often have unexpected characteristics. In the examples given above, brass is stronger than either copper or zinc, and steel is stronger than either iron or carbon.