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ascetic

[uh-set-ik] /əˈsɛt ɪk/
noun
1.
a person who dedicates his or her life to a pursuit of contemplative ideals and practices extreme self-denial or self-mortification for religious reasons.
2.
a person who leads an austerely simple life, especially one who abstains from the normal pleasures of life or denies himself or herself material satisfaction.
3.
(in the early Christian church) a monk; hermit.
adjective, Also, ascetical
4.
pertaining to asceticism.
5.
rigorously abstinent; austere:
an ascetic existence.
6.
exceedingly strict or severe in religious exercises or self-mortification.
Origin
1640-1650
1640-50; < Greek askētikós subject to rigorous exercise, hardworking, equivalent to askē- (see askesis) + -tikos -tic
Related forms
ascetically, adverb
nonascetic, noun, adjective
nonascetical, adjective
nonascetically, adverb
preascetic, adjective
pseudoascetic, adjective
pseudoascetical, adjective
pseudoascetically, adverb
unascetic, adjective
unascetically, adverb
Can be confused
acetic, aesthetic, ascetic.
Synonyms
3. anchorite, recluse; cenobite. 5. strict, frugal, plain. 6. fanatic.
Antonyms
5. self-indulgent.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for un ascetically

ascetic

/əˈsɛtɪk/
noun
1.
a person who practises great self-denial and austerities and abstains from worldly comforts and pleasures, esp for religious reasons
2.
(in the early Christian Church) a monk
adjective
3.
rigidly abstinent or abstemious; austere
4.
of or relating to ascetics or asceticism
5.
intensely rigorous in religious austerities
Derived Forms
ascetically, adverb
Word Origin
C17: from Greek askētikos, from askētēs, from askein to exercise
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for un ascetically

ascetic

adj.

1640s, from Greek asketikos "rigorously self-disciplined, laborious," from asketes "monk, hermit," earlier "one who practices an art or trade," from askein "to exercise, train," originally "to train for athletic competition, practice gymnastics, exercise."

n.

"one of the early Christians who retired to the desert to live solitary lives of meditation and prayer," 1670s, from ascetic (adj.).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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