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augment

[v. awg-ment; n. awg-ment] /v. ɔgˈmɛnt; n. ˈɔg mɛnt/
verb (used with object)
1.
to make larger; enlarge in size, number, strength, or extent; increase:
His salary is augmented by a small inheritance.
2.
Music.
  1. to raise (the upper note of an interval or chord) by a half step.
  2. to double the note values of (a theme):
    In the fugue's development the subject is augmented.
3.
Grammar. to add an augment to.
4.
Heraldry. to grant an augmentation to (a coat of arms).
verb (used without object)
5.
to become larger.
noun
6.
Grammar. a prefixed vowel or a lengthening of the initial vowel that characterizes certain forms in the nonpresent inflection of verbs in Greek, Sanskrit, Armenian, and Phrygian.
Origin
late Middle English
1375-1425
1375-1425; late Middle English au(g)menten < Anglo-French, Middle French au(g)menter < Late Latin augmentāre to increase, derivative of augmentum an increase (aug(ēre) to increase (akin to eke) + -mentum -ment) + -ā- thematic vowel + -re infinitive ending
Related forms
augmentable, adjective
unaugmentable, adjective
unaugmented, adjective
Synonyms
1. swell. See increase. 5. increase.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for un augmented

augment

verb (ɔːɡˈmɛnt)
1.
to make or become greater in number, amount, strength, etc; increase
2.
(transitive) (music) to increase (a major or perfect interval) by a semitone Compare diminish (sense 3)
3.
(transitive) (in Greek and Sanskrit grammar) to prefix a vowel or diphthong to (a verb) to form a past tense
noun (ˈɔːɡmɛnt)
4.
(in Greek and Sanskrit grammar) a vowel or diphthong prefixed to a verb to form a past tense
Derived Forms
augmentable, adjective
augmentor, augmenter, noun
Word Origin
C15: from Late Latin augmentāre to increase, from augmentum growth, from Latin augēre to increase
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for un augmented

augment

v.

c.1400, from Old French augmenter "increase, enhance" (14c.), from Late Latin augmentare "to increase," from Latin augmentum "an increase," from augere "to increase, make big, enlarge, enrich," from PIE root *aug- "to increase" (cf. Sanskrit ojas- "strength;" Lithuanian augu "to grow," aukstas "high, of superior rank;" Greek auxo "increase," auxein "to increase;" Gothic aukan "to grow, increase;" Old English eacien "to increase"). Related: Augmented; augmenting. As a noun from early 15c.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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