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austere

[aw-steer] /ɔˈstɪər/
adjective
1.
severe in manner or appearance; uncompromising; strict; forbidding:
an austere teacher.
2.
rigorously self-disciplined and severely moral; ascetic; abstinent:
the austere quality of life in the convent.
3.
grave; sober; solemn; serious:
an austere manner.
4.
without excess, luxury, or ease; simple; limited; severe:
an austere life.
5.
severely simple; without ornament:
austere writing.
6.
lacking softness; hard:
an austere bed of straw.
7.
rough to the taste; sour or harsh in flavor.
Origin
1300-1350
1300-50; Middle English (< Anglo-French) < Latin austērus < Greek austērós harsh, rough, bitter
Related forms
austerely, adverb
austereness, noun
unaustere, adjective
unausterely, adverb
Synonyms
4. Austere, bleak, spartan, stark all suggest lack of ornament or adornment and of a feeling of comfort or warmth. Austere usually implies a purposeful avoidance of luxury or ease: simple, stripped-down, austere surroundings. Bleak adds a sense of forbidding coldness, hopelessness, depression: a bleak, dreary, windswept plain. Spartan, somewhat more forceful than austere, implies stern discipline and rigorous, even harsh, avoidance of all that is not strictly functional: a life of Spartan simplicity. Stark shares with bleak a sense of grimness and desolation: the stark cliff face.
Antonyms
4. luxurious, comfortable, lush; sybaritic.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for un austere

austere

/ɒˈstɪə/
adjective
1.
stern or severe in attitude or manner an austere schoolmaster
2.
grave, sober, or serious an austere expression
3.
self-disciplined, abstemious, or ascetic an austere life
4.
severely simple or plain an austere design
Derived Forms
austerely, adverb
austereness, noun
Word Origin
C14: from Old French austère, from Latin austērus sour, from Greek austēros astringent; related to Greek hauein to dry
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for un austere
austere
early 14c., from L. austerus "dry, harsh, sour, tart," from Gk. austeros "bitter, harsh," especially "making the tongue dry" (originally used of fruits, wines), related to auos "dry," auein "to dry" (see aurora). Use in English is figurative: "stern, severe, very simple."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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