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benign

[bih-nahyn] /bɪˈnaɪn/
adjective
1.
having a kindly disposition; gracious:
a benign king.
2.
showing or expressive of gentleness or kindness:
a benign smile.
3.
favorable; propitious:
a series of benign omens and configurations in the heavens.
4.
(of weather) salubrious; healthful; pleasant or beneficial.
5.
Pathology. not malignant; self-limiting.
Origin
1275-1325
1275-1325; Middle English benigne < Anglo-French, Old French benigne (feminine), benin (masculine) < Latin benignus kind, generous, equivalent to beni-, combining form of bonus good (see bene-) + -gnus, derivative of the base of gignere to beget (see genitor, genus), hence, perhaps, “good by nature”; cf. malign
Related forms
benignly, adverb
superbenign, adjective
superbenignly, adverb
unbenign, adjective
unbenignly, adverb
Synonyms
1. good, kindly, benignant, benevolent, tender, humane, gentle, compassionate.
Antonyms
3. sinister.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for un benign

benign

/bɪˈnaɪn/
adjective
1.
showing kindliness; genial
2.
(of soil, climate, etc) mild; gentle
3.
favourable; propitious
4.
(pathol) (of a tumour, etc) not threatening to life or health; not malignant
Derived Forms
benignly, adverb
Word Origin
C14: from Old French benigne, from Latin benignus, from bene well + gignere to produce
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for un benign

benign

adj.

early 14c., from Old French benigne (12c., "kind, benign, merciful, gracious;" Modern French bénin, fem. bénigne), from Latin benignus "kindly, kindhearted, friendly, generous," literally "well born," from bene "well" (see bene-) + gignere "to bear, beget," from genus "birth" (see genus). For similar sense evolution, cf. gentle, kind (adj.), generous. Related: Benignly.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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un benign in Medicine

benign be·nign (bĭ-nīn')
adj.
Of no danger to health, especially relating to a tumorous growth; not malignant.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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un benign in Science
benign
  (bĭ-nīn')   
Not life-threatening or severe, and likely to respond to treatment, as a tumor that is not malignant. Compare malignant.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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un benign in Culture
benign [(bi-neyen)]

A descriptive term for conditions that present no danger to life or well-being. Benign is the opposite of malignant.

Note: The term benign is used when describing tumors or growths that do not threaten the health of an individual.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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