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brooding

[broo-ding] /ˈbru dɪŋ/
adjective
1.
preoccupied with depressing, morbid, or painful memories or thoughts:
a brooding frame of mind.
2.
cast in subdued light so as to convey a somewhat threatening atmosphere:
Dusk fell on the brooding hills.
Origin
1810-1820
1810-20 for def 1; 1640-50 for def 2; brood + -ing2
Related forms
broodingly, adverb
nonbrooding, adjective, noun
unbrooding, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Word Origin and History for un brooding

brooding

adj.

1640s, "hovering, overhanging" (as a mother bird does her nest), from present participle of brood (v.); meaning "that dwells moodily" first attested 1818 (in "Frankenstein").

n.

"action of incubating," c.1400, verbal noun from brood (v.). Figuratively (of weather, etc.) from 1805; of mental fixations by 1873. Related: Broodingly.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for un brooding

brooding

in zoology, pattern of behaviour of certain egg-laying animals, especially birds, marked by cessation of egg laying and readiness to sit on and incubate eggs. Incubation (q.v.) itself is the process of maintaining uniform heat and humidity of the developing eggs, usually accomplished by one or both parents sitting on the eggs at all times. Many birds develop a brood patch-an area of bare, featherless skin on the underbody-in preparation for incubation and brooding. A network of blood vessels in the skin of the brood patch raises the temperature locally. After the hatch, the parent birds brood their young, keeping them warm by spreading the feathers out, umbrella-like, so the young can maintain contact with the skin of the adult. In domestic fowl the term "broody hen" refers both to a sitting (incubating) bird and, later, to the same hen brooding her chicks

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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