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chance

[chans, chahns] /tʃæns, tʃɑns/
noun
1.
the absence of any cause of events that can be predicted, understood, or controlled: often personified or treated as a positive agency:
Chance governs all.
2.
luck or fortune:
a game of chance.
3.
a possibility or probability of anything happening:
a fifty-percent chance of success.
4.
an opportune or favorable time; opportunity:
Now is your chance.
5.
Baseball. an opportunity to field the ball and make a put-out or assist.
6.
a risk or hazard:
Take a chance.
7.
a share or ticket in a lottery or prize drawing:
The charity is selling chances for a dollar each.
8.
chances, probability:
The chances are that the train hasn't left yet.
9.
Midland and Southern U.S. a quantity or number (usually followed by of).
10.
Archaic. an unfortunate event; mishap.
verb (used without object), chanced, chancing.
11.
to happen or occur by chance:
It chanced that our arrivals coincided.
verb (used with object), chanced, chancing.
12.
to take the chances or risks of; risk (often followed by impersonal it):
I'll have to chance it, whatever the outcome.
adjective
13.
not planned or expected; accidental:
a chance occurrence.
Verb phrases
14.
chance on/upon, to come upon by chance; meet unexpectedly:
She chanced on a rare kind of mushroom during her walk through the woods.
Idioms
15.
by chance, without plan or intent; accidentally:
I met her again by chance in a department store in Paris.
16.
on the chance, in the mild hope or against the possibility:
I'll wait on the chance that she'll come.
17.
on the off chance, in the very slight hope or against the very slight possibility.
Origin
1250-1300
1250-1300; Middle English < Old French chance, cheance < Vulgar Latin *cadentia a befalling, happening; see cadenza
Related forms
chanceless, adjective
unchanced, adjective
Synonyms
2. accident, fortuity. 3. contingency. 4. opening. 11. befall. See happen. 13. casual, fortuitous.
Antonyms
1. necessity.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for un chanced

chance

/tʃɑːns/
noun
1.
  1. the unknown and unpredictable element that causes an event to result in a certain way rather than another, spoken of as a real force
  2. (as modifier) a chance meeting, related adjective fortuitous
2.
fortune; luck; fate
3.
an opportunity or occasion
4.
a risk; gamble you take a chance with his driving
5.
the extent to which an event is likely to occur; probability
6.
an unpredicted event, esp a fortunate one that was quite a chance, finding him here
7.
(archaic) an unlucky event; mishap
8.
by chance
  1. accidentally he slipped by chance
  2. perhaps do you by chance have a room?
9.
chances are…, the chances are…, it is likely (that) …
10.
on the chance, acting on the possibility; in case
11.
the main chance, the opportunity for personal gain (esp in the phrase an eye to the main chance)
verb
12.
(transitive) to risk; hazard I'll chance the worst happening
13.
to happen by chance; be the case by chance I chanced to catch sight of her as she passed
14.
chance on, chance upon, to come upon by accident he chanced on the solution to his problem
15.
chance one's arm, to attempt to do something although the chance of success may be slight
Derived Forms
chanceful, adjective
chanceless, adjective
Word Origin
C13: from Old French cheance, from cheoir to fall, occur, from Latin cadere
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for un chanced
chance
c.1300, from O.Fr. cheance "accident, the falling of dice," from V.L. cadentia "that which falls out," from L. cadentem (nom. cadens), prp. of cadere "to fall" (see case (1)). Notions of "opportunity" and "randomness" are equally old in Eng. The verb meaning "to risk" is from 1859.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Slang definitions & phrases for un chanced
The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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un chanced in the Bible

(Luke 10:31). "It was not by chance that the priest came down by that road at that time, but by a specific arrangement and in exact fulfilment of a plan; not the plan of the priest, nor the plan of the wounded traveller, but the plan of God. By coincidence (Gr. sungkuria) the priest came down, that is, by the conjunction of two things, in fact, which were previously constituted a pair in the providence of God. In the result they fell together according to the omniscient Designer's plan. This is the true theory of the divine government." Compare the meeting of Philip with the Ethiopian (Acts 8:26, 27). There is no "chance" in God's empire. "Chance" is only another word for our want of knowledge as to the way in which one event falls in with another (1 Sam. 6:9; Eccl. 9:11).

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Idioms and Phrases with un chanced
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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