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companion1

[kuh m-pan-yuh n] /kəmˈpæn yən/
noun
1.
a person who is frequently in the company of, associates with, or accompanies another:
my son and his two companions.
2.
a person employed to accompany, assist, or live with another in the capacity of a helpful friend.
3.
a mate or match for something:
White wine is the usual companion of fish.
4.
a handbook or guide:
a bird watcher's companion.
5.
a member of the lowest rank in an order of knighthood or of a grade in an order.
6.
Also called companion star, comes. Astronomy. the fainter of the two stars that constitute a double star.
Compare primary (def 19b).
7.
Obsolete. a fellow.
verb (used with object)
8.
to be a companion to; accompany.
Origin
1250-1300
1250-1300; Middle English compainoun < Anglo-French; Old French compaignon < Late Latin compāniōn- (stem of compāniō) messmate, equivalent to com- com- + pān(is) bread + -iōn- -ion; presumably as translation of a Gmc word; compare Gothic gahlaiba, Old High German galeipo
Related forms
companionless, adjective
uncompanioned, adjective
Synonyms
1. comrade, partner, mate. See acquaintance.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for un companioned

companion1

/kəmˈpænjən/
noun
1.
a person who is an associate of another or others; comrade
2.
(esp formerly) an employee, usually a woman, who provides company for an employer, esp an elderly woman
3.
  1. one of a pair; match
  2. (as modifier): a companion volume
4.
a guidebook or handbook
5.
a member of the lowest rank of any of certain orders of knighthood
6.
(astronomy) the fainter of the two components of a double star
verb
7.
(transitive) to accompany or be a companion to
Derived Forms
companionless, adjective
Word Origin
C13: from Late Latin compāniō, literally: one who eats bread with another, from Latin com- with + pānis bread

companion2

/kəmˈpænjən/
noun
1.
(nautical)
  1. a raised frame on an upper deck with windows to give light to the deck below
  2. (as modifier): a companion ladder
Word Origin
C18: from Dutch kompanje quarterdeck, from Old French compagne, from Old Italian compagna pantry, perhaps ultimately from Latin pānis bread
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for un companioned

companion

n.

c.1300, from Old French compagnon "fellow, mate, friend, partner" (12c.), from Late Latin companionem (nominative companio), literally "bread fellow, messmate," from Latin com- "with" (see com-) + panis "bread" (see food).

Found first in 6c. Frankish Lex Salica, and probably a translation of a Germanic word (cf. Gothic gahlaiba "messmate," from hlaib "loaf of bread"). Replaced Old English gefera "traveling companion," from faran "go, fare."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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