Un craven

craven

[krey-vuhn]
adjective
1.
cowardly; contemptibly timid; pusillanimous.
noun
2.
a coward.
verb (used with object)
3.
to make cowardly.
Idioms
4.
cry craven, to yield; capitulate; give up.

Origin:
1175–1225; Middle English cravant, cravaunde defeated < Old French craventé, past participle of cravanter to crush, overwhelm (< Vulgar Latin *crepantāre), influenced by Middle English creaunt defeated (see recreant)

cravenly, adverb
cravenness, noun
uncraven, adjective


1. dastardly, fearful, timorous.
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World English Dictionary
craven (ˈkreɪvən)
 
adj
1.  cowardly; mean-spirited
 
n
2.  a coward
 
[C13 cravant, probably from Old French crevant bursting, from crever to burst, die, from Latin crepāre to burst, crack]
 
'cravenly
 
adv
 
'cravenness
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

craven
early 13c., perhaps from O.Fr. cravante "defeated," pp. of cravanter, from L. crepare "to crack, creak." Sense affected by crave and moved from "defeated" to "cowardly" (1580s) perhaps via intermediary sense of "confess oneself defeated."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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